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III-2-a ENCOURAGING YOUTH ENTREPRENEURSHIP THROUGH COOPERATION BETWEEN THE PRIVATE SECTOR AND UNIVERSITIES

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III-2-a


ENCOURAGING YOUTH ENTREPRENEURSHIP THROUGH COOPERATION BETWEEN THE PRIVATE SECTOR AND UNIVERSITIES


Proposed by the delegations of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Republic of Chile, Republic of Costa Rica, Republic of Guatemala, Jamaica, and the United States of America
THE MOAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
RECOGNIZING that according to the United Nations, 500 hundred million youths will enter the job market within the next ten years, and job opportunities are dwindling with each new generation entering the workforce;
NOTING the youths’ potential and their role in the formation of an equal and fair society;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that 66 million adolescents are unemployed plus an even higher number are underemployed, according to the United Nations;
HAVING SEEN that formal education provides character benefits such as responsibility, how to complete various tasks simultaneously, problem solving skills, social awareness, teaching them how to prepare for projects, and thinking in respect to long and short term consequences;

RESOLVES:


  1. To request member states to create a committee that would be a mediator between youths, universities and businesses, which would work through local governments:


    1. The organization would be funded by the private sector, non-governmental organizations, or civil society; and


    1. The committee would organize start-up boot camps for upper or technical school students with professionals as mentors for establishing businesses.


  1. To create a direct link between universities and businesses to give students more opportunities in the labor market when they finish school:


  1. Businesses in the private sector would start scouting teams for distinguished university students or graduates.


  1. To advise member states to implement a tax benefit for the funds private sector provides to programs related to youth entrepreneurship:


    1. The tax benefit will only apply to the businesses that actively provide the youth with training and funds to become entrepreneurs.


  1.  To encourage the exchange of best practices among member states, academia and private sector.

III-2-b


DEVELOPING YOUTH ENTREPRENEURSHIP PROGRAMS AMONG AT RISK POPULATIONS IN THE REGION


Resolution presented by the delegations of Belize, Dominica, Guyana, Honduras, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela
THE MOAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN:

That Chapter II Article 3 of the OAS Charter states that “The elimination of extreme poverty is an essential part of the promotion and consolidation of representative democracy and is the common and shared responsibility of the American States;”


That Chapter VII Article 47 of the OAS Charter states that “The Member States will give primary importance within their development plans to the encouragement of education, science, technology, and culture, oriented toward the overall improvement of the individual, and as a foundation for democracy, social justice, and progress;”
That Capter VII Article 49 Section B of the OAS Charter states that “Middle-level education shall be extended progressively to as much of the population as possible, with a view to social improvement. It shall be diversified in such a way that it meets the development needs of each country without prejudice to providing a general education;” and
CONSIDERING:

That the National Youth Institute involves youth in decision-making;


That the CIPE program is designed to promote entrepreneurship, leadership education, and increase private sector participation;
That the Young Americas Business Trust in partnership with the Ministry of Youth, Sport and Ecclesiastic Affairs of Grenada conducted a Mini Business Lab, and that such initiatives contribute to empowerment and profitable employment and open doors for youth participation in community development activities,
RESOLVES:

  1. To urge OAS member states to support a program for youth at risk to educate them in entrepreneurship.


  1. To request the distribution of food, as well as transportation to and from the programs to provide incentive for the at risk youth to attend the program; to recommend that this be funded by specific funding partners.

  2. To recommend that the program be offered in public buildings and/or community houses; to suggest that the program be offered in sessions to complete the core curriculum.


  1. To recommend volunteers with required qualifications in entrepreneurship to teach the course.


  1. To increase the opportunities for at risk youth in the populations of the Americas.


  1. To request funding from the OAS, and to create partnerships with non-governmental organizations, universities, and private sectors that focus on entrepreneurship.

III-2-c


POLICIES TO ENCOURAGE THE FINANCING OF PROJECTS DESIGNED AND EXECUTED BY YOUTH ENTREPRENEURS


Resolution presented by the delegation of Panama, El Salvador, Mexico, Brazil, Dominican Republic, and Haiti
THE MOAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
ACKNOWLEDGING that a youth entrepreneur is an individual who organizes and manages any enterprise, usually with considerable initiative and risk;
RECOGNIZING that youth entrepreneurship is a proven mean for promoting development of small businesses;
BEARING IN MIND that it is often difficult to provide capital for their high risk ventures;

CONSIDERING there is a lack of pre-established programs that provide aid to youth entrepreneurs in the Hemisphere; and


KEEPING IN MIND that the youth are three times more likely to be unemployed, which is detrimental to the Hemisphere’s economies since unemployment hinders economic growth,
Resolves:

  1. To urge member nations to establish national youth committees that focus on the development of policies specific to their country’s context, and implement these policies to encourage the financing of youth enterprises.


  1. To request the Inter-American Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and member states of the OAS, and private corporations that could benefit from the burgeoning group of entrepreneurs to assist in the funding of programs to which the policies refer.


  1. To call to action the Inter American Council for Integral Development and the Young Americas Business Trust to assist the national youth committees in the design of their specific policies.


  1. To encourage all member nations to promote economic and social growth and foster an environment in which the youth has the opportunity to create sustainable enterprises.


  1. To advise member nations on the importance of policies which aim to expand youth entrepreneurship and promote economic growth by reducing unemployment through the creation of new small businesses.

32nd MODEL OAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY FOR HIGH SCHOOLS


December 4th – 6th, 2013


BOOK OF RESOLUTIONS

FOURTH COMMITTEE


IV-1-a


INNOVATIVE IDEAS TO PROCURE CASH AND IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS TO SUPPORT THE OAS ELECTOR AL OBSERVATION MISSIONS IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE HEMISPHERE


Presented by the delegations Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Republic of Chile, Costa Rica, Co-operative Republic of Guyana, Republic Honduras, and the United Mexican States
THE MOAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
ACKNOWLEDGING the OAS has had issues receiving contributions and funds to fully support the OAS and Electoral Observation Missions (EOM);
RECALLING MOAS 2012 RESOLUTION IV-07 “Funding OAS development programs through the creation of association between the American countries” which welcomes “any country within the OAS counsel who wants to participate in the creation of bonds within our nations to reinforce the funds for the OAS developing programs”;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that people need to better know what the OAS does and how it benefits the country that supports it;
CONSIDERING THAT Honduras, Ecuador, and Grenada still have a need to expand the scope of their own Electoral Missions;
RECOGNIZING THAT an EOM only requires approximately $1.5M to send the necessary amount of Electoral Observers to Ecuador, Grenada, and Paraguay;
RESOLVES:

  1. To partner with socially conscious companies to develop advertisements on the importance of the role of EOMs in developing Latin American countries:


  1. This will raise OAS member states awareness and generate revenue, a small portion of which will be used for funding Electoral Observation Missions.


  1. To send youth volunteers from the OAS student intern program to spread democracy and promote political groups within their own countries. This will ensure public awareness concerning the social benefits the OAS brings for their respective countries. This increased awareness will then encourage citizens to make donations to the OAS.


  1. To host a convention that requires an entrance fee from socially-oriented companies in order to develop proposals to benefit the host country:


  1. 25% of the profit will go to a globally-concerned company with the most effective business plan, and the other 75% to the OAS member-state that hosted the convention.


  1. To promote an OAS-sponsored sporting event focused on soccer, where the OAS member states will sponsor a team entry:


  1. 2% of all the merchandise proceeds will go to support the OAS Electoral Observation Missions.

IV-1-b


INNOVATIVE IDEAS TO PROCURE CASH AND IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS TO SUPPORT THE OAS PROGRAMS RELATED TO HEMISPHERIC SECURITY


Presented by the delegations of The Bahamas, Brazil, Colombia, Dominica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Panama, and Dominican Republic

THE MOAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN the annual report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.5111/10 add. 1); and the Proposed Program Budget of the General Secretariat (GS/OAS) for the fiscal year 2013, which outlined how funds would be allocated in the coming years;
CONSIDERING:

That hemispheric security is an influential and important topic for all member states of the OAS, as well as permanent observer states;


That, at its thirty-fourth special session, the General Assembly, through resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXXIV-E/07), approved the methodology for calculating the scale of quota assessments to finance the Regular Fund of the Organization; and
That the General Assembly, through resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXXVIII-E/09), instructed the Secretary General to consult with member states with a view to preparing a program budget for 2011 that was commensurate with the mandates and pillars of the Organization, as well as the possibilities of financing it;
RECALLING:

That resolution AG/RES. 2613 (XL-O/10) established the overall budget level of the program budget for the Regular Fund for 2011, including the cost of living and inflation adjustment, at US$85,350,800;


That said resolution also set the quotas with which the member states will finance the Regular Fund of the Organization for the year 2011, in accordance with the methodology adopted through resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXXIV-E/07) and the decision of January 19, 1955 (doc. C-i-269) on income tax reimbursements; and
That said quota allocation represents a three percent increase in the contributions from member states in relation to the contributions for the year 2009;
EMPHASIZING:

That the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism, the Inter-American Committee against Drug Abuse, and the Inter-American Defense Board promote the collective collaboration of ongoing development of hemispheric security; and


That limiting programs in and participation of countries who fail to support the OAS with the quota will encourage more funding for the OAS; and
REAFFIRMING that the OAS has a unique, multilateral capability in strengthening connectivity in the region in order to contribute its development relating to security;
RESOLVES:

  1. To take note of the progress made in implementing a successful budgetary bill, decided by the OAS General Assembly, which helpfully allocated funding to the committees relating to hemispheric security.


  1. To entrust the Secretary General with coordinating the implementation of this budget directly with the OAS, and additionally with receiving support and advice from other competent organizations and agencies of the OAS.


  1. To invite all member states to place a high priority in allocating resources to the hemispheric security sector and to increase cooperation between countries to facilitate access to infrastructure which will contribute to the development of programs that intend to increase security in the Western Hemisphere.


  1. To instruct the Committee on Hemispheric Security of the Permanent Council and the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to fully analyze and identify the deficiencies and obstacles in this sector and determine where priority action is needed.


  1. To consider consolidating the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism, the Inter-American Committee against Drug Abuse, and the Inter-American Defense Board in order to strengthen their integral development and maximize the fiscal efficiency with which they tackle their shared goals, as well as consider creating a new office to address the growing issue of cyber security.


  1. To request that the OAS increases the quota placed on member states by four percent to increase the budget available for the OAS.


  1. To raise awareness to illustrate to citizens, corporations, and non-governmental organizations of the valuable purposes of the OAS:


  1. To create a centralized tourism center for the OAS in Washington D.C, which will create a unique source of funding;


  1. To suggest that the media coverage of the OAS increases in order to inform the general public of the valiant goals of the OAS;


  1. To encourage donations from crowd-funding organizations, which will allow for many individual citizens to donate to the OAS treasury;


  1. To expand the appeal of the OAS to multinational organizations who are affected by deficiencies in the hemispheric security sector; and


  1. To create an office that will establish partnerships with various corporations to keep them informed of their shared goals with the OAS.


  1. To suggest that permanent observer nations increase their donations to the OAS.


  1. To encourage increased transparency of the OAS regarding the allocation of funds, which will promote general awareness, support a positive image of the OAS, and increase the confidence of member states in their fiscal contributions to the OAS.


  1. To suggest the OAS should limit programs and participation of member states who fail to procure the required quota to the OAS:


    1. A punishment will not be inflicted upon member states that cannot pay their dues.


  1. To request that the OAS present to the General Assembly at its Forty-Fourth Regular Session a follow-up report on the implementation of this resolution.

IV-1-c


INNOVATIVE PROPOSALS TO FINANCE OAS PROGRAMS RELATED TO THE YOUTH


Presented by the delegations of Argentina, Jamaica, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, the United States of America, and Venezuela
THE MOAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
REINFORCING the importance and the centrality of the youth of the Americas, it is imperative to solve the funding and budget issue of the OAS youth programs;
TAKING NOTE of the successful results of the SISCA youth and childhood program, which deals with the trafficking, violence, health, and education of young people, it is imperative to continue this effort that ensures the protection and progress of the youth of the Americas;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the OAS is the chief funder of both the Young Americas Business Trust and the Talent and Innovation Competition of the Americas, which sponsor entrepreneurship among young people;

EMPHASIZING the success of the Armando Paz project which works to prevent crime, drug abuse and gang violence in the Caribbean in order to build peace;


NOTING that the Rowe Fund is a successful educational loan which helps citizens from Latin America and Caribbean OAS member states fund their studies by giving the citizens interest-free loans up to $15,000; and
CONSIDERING the importance of education in today’s society,
RESOLVES:

  1. To thank the Chair, Vice-Chair and Secretary for reviewing these resolutions concerning innovative proposals to finance OAS programs related to youth.


  1. To continue to reinforce and implement the Summits of the Americas Follow-Up System (SISCA), and more specifically the Youth and Childhood program, by targeting the educational sections of the Declaration of Port of Spain (2009).


  1. To further the recruitment of sponsors and increase donations to the Youth Programs in the OAS which will in turn increase money given to scholarships and building of new schools:

  1. In order to build support for these programs, influential people such as celebrities should be included and take part in the fundraising campaigns.


  1. To allocate a specific fund towards the fight against the smuggling of migrants and trafficking of persons, particularly women, children and adolescents, and to promote cooperation among states to that end:


  1. Focus more attention on the Citizen Security and Transnational Organized Crime SISCA (2012).


  1. To spread awareness through media advertisements that demonstrate the social activities of the OAS in order to raise awareness of the benefits that the OAS provides to the member states’ citizens and the success of their youth programs:


  1. These campaigns would include videos and commercials online; and


  1. Other advertisements could be digital advertisements on social media websites.


  1. To seek out partnerships with large companies that would like to participate in funding youth organizations in the Americas with the purpose of mimicking the success of various organizations that donate a percentage of their profit to nonprofit organizations:


  1. Possible partners would be Office Depot, Staples, Apple, Best Buy, or AT&T; and


  1. Partnerships would be mutually beneficial.

IV-2-a


STRATEGIES FOR FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS BY THE PERMANENT OBSERVER COUNTRIES TO THE REGULAR FUND OF THE OAS


Presented by the delegations of The Bahamas, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Peru, and Suriname

THE MOAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


WELCOMING the appointment of a Focal Point on the Permanent Observers’ contributions to the Regular Fund and the establishment of an Inter-Departmental Working Group on Strategies to raise Permanent Observer Countries’ donations to the Regular Fund;
RECALLING the importance of the Regular Fund to the functioning of the OAS, as it is essential to finance the operations of the General Secretariat.
NOTING the urgent need for increased contributions;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that the Netherlands was the largest Permanent Observer donor to the OAS Regular Fund, with a $4.4 million donation in 2013; that Spain was the second-largest Permanent Observer contributor to the Regular Fund, with a $3.2 million donation, and that Germany was also an important European donor, donating a significant amount;
ACKNOWLEDGING that Asia is an emerging global market and that China is a rising power, and it is therefore important to engage Asian countries politically and financially;
RESOLVES:

        1. To remind economic powerhouses of the importance of Inter-American stability for the world at large.


        1. To encourage permanent observers to make donations to the regular fund of the OAS.


        1. To actively lobby permanent observers to increase financial contributions.  

        2. To continue the practice of full disclosure to permanent observers regarding the use of their donations.


        1. To continue using the regular fund to pay the salaries of the OAS Secretariat.


        1. To design and implement international diplomatic missions to donor nations with the objective of enlightening them on the outstanding work of the OAS.


    1. Targeting European countries, including: Norway, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, France, Switzerland, and the European Union as a whole;


    1. Targeting Asian countries, such as: China, Japan, South Korea, India, and Singapore among others; and


    1. Targeting Australia.

IV-2-b


PROPOSALS FOR INCREASING THE QUOTA OF MEMBER STATES OF THE OAS


Presented by the delegations of Haiti, El Salvador, Panama, United States, Dominican Republic, and Guyana
THE MOAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
RECOGNIZING:

That, in accordance with Articles 54 and 55 of the Charter of the Organization of American States, the General Assembly approves the budget of the Organization and establishes the bases for fixing the quota that each government is to contribute, taking into account the ability to pay of the respective countries and their determination to contribute in an equitable manner;


That since 2007 the budget has not been substantial to fund all the programs sponsored by the OAS, which led to the depletion of the reserve funds during the years 2008-2010;
That the unfortunate economic difficulties certain member states are currently experiencing hinder their contributions to the Regular Fund and any additional endowment and that 8 member states pay a minimum quota of 0.022% decided by all member states;
BEARING IN MIND:

The previous measures the OAS has taken in order to increase member quotas, which include an increase in the quotas by 3% in each of the years 2007, 2009, and 2011 have not been substantial;


That the current proportion of money contribution to the benefits obtained creates a situation in which certain member states receive a disproportionate amount of aid related to their contribution;
RECALLING:

The fact that the United States contributes to approximately 43% of the total OAS budget, which mostly comes from voluntary contributions;


The United States’ proposal of their voluntary contribution increase with the decrease of their quota percentage is a viable source of fund increase; and
AFFIRMING:

That being a member state of the OAS is a privilege; and the benefits that come with this privilege should not be taken lightly;

That the Organization strives towards the greater good for the member states of the Organization, not individual nations’ benefit,
RESOLVES:

  1. To raise the current minimum quota of 0.022% to 0.044% of the eight member states that pay the minimum quota in order to balance the proportion between contribution and benefits, making it more equitable for all 34 nations.


  1. To lower the quota percentage of the United States by 5%, and to receive an additional contribution of $1 million from the United States as compensation for the 5% decrease; which would in turn result in an increase in funding for OAS programs.  


  1. To remove the voting right in the Fourth Committee of any member state not having paid the minimum quota previously established by all member states, unless said nation presents valid and legitimate explanation to why they cannot fulfill their financial commitment to the OAS.


  1. To seek the aid of Transparency International in the case that a member state cannot effectuate their financial responsibility in order to ensure the legitimacy of said reason and to guarantee the transparency of the management of funds.  

IV-2-c


STRATEGIES TO ENCOURAGE CONTRIBUTIONS BY PRIVATE AND GLOBAL COMPANIES TO FUND OAS OPERATIONAL EXPENDITURES SUCH AS INFRASTRUCTURE, MAINTENANCE AND COMMON COSTS


Presented by the delegations of Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominica, Jamaica, Paraguay, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela
THE MOAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
RECOGNIZING that the Pan American Development Foundation (PADF) provides the OAS with a non-profit way of obtaining private donations from private and global companies interested in funding projects;
CONSIDERING the Trust for the Americas is a non-profit established in 1997 to promote public and private sector participation in social and economic development projects; and
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that getting private and global companies to work in collaboration with one another can exponentially lower the overall cost of doing business with consumers and countries through competition,
RESOLVES:

  1. To increase awareness of the OAS by implementing innovative campaign strategies such as:


    1. Billboards in every main airport of member states;


    1. Posters in public transportation services; and


    1. Advertisements in social networks.


  1. To inform and urge companies to donate money to further develop projects in areas of interest to the given company through contacts made in the preceding resolve.


  1. To encourage donations by national and local private companies to the OAS by demonstrating the important role that this organization plays in the Hemisphere.


  1. To make a study on the interest of determining the companies that make a significant amount of capital in the Americas in order to:


    1. Identify potential companies that could benefit from OAS involvement;


    1. Maximize benefit for both the OAS and the donating company; and


    1. Approach and urge them to act upon their social corporate responsibility through the OAS.


  1. To determine which companies would be interested in donating to certain active projects in the next World Conference on Youth that will be held in Sri Lanka from May 6th to 10th, 2014.

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